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GEOS7AC

Engineering Geology

 

ECTS Credits : 2

Durée : 21 heures

Semester : S7

Person(s) in charge:

Judith SAUSSE, Professor, judith.sausse@mines-nancy.univ-lorraine.fr

keywords : Geology, Rocks, Minerals, Petrophysics, Ressources

Prérequisites : /

Objectives :

Program and content :

Basics of crystallography and mineralogy

  • mineral, crystal
  • elements of symmetry and crystalline systems - TP
  • faces and morphologies
  • study of some common minerals, main identification criteria

Sedimentary rocks

  • the sedimentary cycle – types and formation of rocks
  • how to describe sedimentary rock
    structure and texture, elements and sediments, matrix and cement, granulometry
  • identification of common rocks: sandstones, carbonates, clays - TP

Oil field and reservoir rocks

  • sedimentary basins and Paris Basin Story
  • diagenesis
  • reservoirs and cap rocks
  • oil exploration drilling and production
  • case study
  • 3D modeling of oil reservoir - gocad (paradigm)

Magmatic rocks

  • introduction to magmatism
  • magmas: partial melting and fractionated cristallization
  • granitic and basaltic magmas
  • plutonic and volcanic rocks - case study on volcanic hazards

  • classifications: structures and textures, compositions et chemical affinity and mineralogical associations

  • TP: identification of some common rocks

Cartography and rock outcrop analysis

  • the Geological map of France

 

Abilities: 

Levels

Description and operational verbs

Know

Basics of Geology - Geological processes - Rock formation and evolution - Vocabulary of geosciences

understand

Rock cycle and main petrogenetic processes (sedimentation, magmatism)

Apply

Describe the rock mineralogy, petrography, textures, structures. identify the rock origin and formation, its structural evolution. Identify mineral and natural ressources.

Analyse 

Be able to precisely describe and identify a rock. From this identification, be able to deduce petrophysical properties and geochemistry.

Summarise

Be able to observe and identify the rocks at various scales: from the field observations to the geotechnical and civil engineering uses.

Assess

From a rock identification, be able to propose expertise of the use, qualification, exploitation of such a natural material in civil and geotechnical engineering.

Evaluations :

  • Written Test
  • Continuous control
  • Oral presentation
  • Project
  • Written report
  • Aucune étiquette